What Is the Difference Between Recruiting and HR?

December 20, 2023
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Ann
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Recruiting and HR (Human Resources) are two vital functions in any organization. They both deal with people, but in different ways. HR is responsible for managing the overall employee experience, from hiring to retiring. Recruiting is focused on finding and attracting the best talent for the organization’s needs. Both functions face many challenges in today’s competitive and dynamic market, such as talent shortage, diversity and inclusion, employee engagement, retention, and compliance.

Oftentimes, the lines between recruiting and HR might be blurred. Some organizations have separate teams for each function, while others have a combined HR and recruiting department. Some recruiters also perform HR tasks, such as onboarding, training, and performance management. Some HR professionals also get involved in sourcing, screening, and interviewing candidates. But ultimately, both are not one and the same. So, what’s the difference between recruiting and HR? Let’s find out.

What Is Recruiting?

Recruiting is the process of identifying, attracting, and hiring qualified candidates for a specific job role. The main goal of recruiting is to fill the open positions in the organization with the best possible talent. The roles of recruiters include:

  • Sourcing: Finding potential candidates from various sources, such as job boards, social media, referrals, and networking.
  • Screening: Evaluating the candidates’ resumes, skills, and qualifications based on the job requirements.
  • Interviewing: Conducting interviews with the candidates, either by phone, video, or in-person, to assess their fit for the role and the organization.
  • Offering: Negotiating the salary, benefits, and other terms of employment with the selected candidates and making them an offer.
  • Hiring: Completing the hiring process, such as background checks, reference checks, and paperwork, and welcoming the new hires to the organization.

The key responsibilities of recruiters include:

  • Developing and implementing effective recruiting strategies and plans to meet the organization’s hiring needs and goals.
  • Building and maintaining strong relationships with candidates, hiring managers, and other stakeholders throughout the recruiting process.
  • Creating and posting attractive and accurate job descriptions and advertisements on various platforms.
  • Using various tools and techniques, such as Applicant Tracking Systems (ATS), recruitment software, and social media, to streamline and optimize the recruiting process.
  • Providing a positive and engaging candidate experience and ensuring timely and clear communication with the candidates.
  • Measuring and reporting on the recruiting metrics, such as time to hire, cost per hire, quality of hire, and candidate satisfaction.

What Is HR?

HR is the function that manages the human capital of the organization. It is responsible for ensuring that the employees are happy, productive, and aligned with the organization’s vision, mission, and values. The roles of HR professionals include:

  • Planning: Analyzing the current and future workforce needs and developing and executing the HR policies, programs, and initiatives to support the organization’s objectives and culture.
  • Hiring: Collaborating with the recruiters and hiring managers to define the hiring criteria, participate in the hiring decisions, and onboard the new hires.
  • Training: Providing and facilitating training and development opportunities for the employees to enhance their skills, knowledge, and performance.
  • Managing: Overseeing the performance management, compensation and benefits, employee relations, and recognition and reward systems for the employees.
  • Retaining: Implementing and promoting employee engagement, retention, and wellness programs and initiatives to foster a positive and healthy work environment and reduce turnover.
  • Complying: Ensuring that the organization complies with the relevant laws and regulations regarding labor, employment, health and safety, and diversity and inclusion.

The key responsibilities of HR professionals include:

  • Developing and maintaining a strong and positive organizational culture that reflects the organization’s values and goals.
  • Building and sustaining trust and collaboration among the employees, managers, and leaders across the organization.
  • Providing guidance and support to the employees and managers on various HR issues and concerns, such as career development, conflict resolution, and employee feedback.
  • Using various tools and systems, such as HR software, payroll software, and employee surveys, to manage and improve the HR processes and functions.
  • Evaluating and improving the effectiveness and efficiency of the HR policies, programs, and initiatives and ensuring their alignment with the organization’s strategy and vision.
  • Measuring and reporting on the HR metrics, such as employee satisfaction, retention, turnover, and productivity.

The Difference Between Recruiting and HR

  • Scope: Recruiting is mainly concerned with finding and hiring the right candidates for the organization, while HR is involved in managing the entire employee lifecycle, from hiring to retiring.
  • Focus: Recruiting is focused on the external talent market, while HR is focused on the internal talent pool.
  • Skills: Recruiting requires skills such as sourcing, screening, interviewing, and negotiating, while HR requires skills such as planning, training, managing, and complying.
  • Tools: Recruiting uses tools such as ATS, recruitment software, and social media, while HR uses tools such as HR software, payroll software, and employee surveys.
  • Metrics: Recruiting measures metrics such as time to hire, cost per hire, quality of hire, and candidate satisfaction, while HR measures metrics such as employee satisfaction, retention, turnover, and productivity.

Why Both Recruiting and HR are Essential

Recruiting and HR are both vital for the organization’s growth and sustainability. Here are some reasons why your company needs both recruiting and HR functions:

  • Recruiting helps you find and hire the best talent for your organization, which gives you a competitive edge in the market and enables you to achieve your business goals and objectives.
  • HR helps you retain and develop the talent you have hired, which increases their loyalty, engagement, and performance and reduces the costs and risks of turnover and attrition.
  • Recruiting and HR work together to ensure that the candidates and employees are aligned with the organization’s culture, values, and vision, which creates a sense of belonging and purpose and fosters a positive and productive work environment.
  • Recruiting and HR collaborate to ensure that the organization complies with the relevant laws and regulations regarding labor, employment, health and safety, and diversity and inclusion, which protects the organization from legal issues and reputational damage and enhances its social responsibility and reputation.
  • Recruiting and HR support each other to improve and optimize their processes and functions, which increases their efficiency and effectiveness and adds value to the organization.

Conclusion

Recruiting and HR are two distinct but interrelated functions in any organization. They both deal with people, but in different ways. Recruiting and HR are essential for the organization’s success, as they help companies find, hire, retain, and develop the best talent, ensure the alignment of the candidates and employees with the organization’s culture, values, and vision, comply with the relevant laws and regulations, and improve and optimize their processes and functions. Therefore, it is important for your organization to have both recruiting and HR functions and to foster a strong and collaborative relationship between them.

Ann Schumann

As a former recruiter turned content writer, Ann specializes in creating engaging content. With a passion for the recruitment industry, she helps businesses streamline hiring and attract top talent using innovative solutions.

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Bill Twinning
Talent Resources & Development Director - Charoen Pokphand Group
Manatal is the best ATS we worked with. Simplicity, efficency and the latest technologies combined make it an indispensable tool for any large-scale HR team. Since its adoption, we've seen a huge increase across all our key recruitment metrics. To summarize. it is a must-have.
Ahmed Firdaus
Director - MRI Network, Executive Search Firm
I've been using Manatal for the past couple of months and the platform is excellent, user-friendly and it has helped me a lot in my recruitment process, operation and database management. I'm very happy with their great support. Whenever I ask something they come back to me within minutes.
Dina Demajo
Senior Talent Acquisition - Manpower Group
Manpower has been using Manatal and we couldn't be happier as a team with the services this platform has provided. The application is extremely user-friendly and very well equipped with all the useful functions one would required for successful recruitment. The support team is also excellent with very fast response time.
Edmund Yeo
Human Resources Manager - Oakwood
Manatal is a sophisticated, easy-to-use, mobile-friendly, and cloud-based applicant tracking system that helps companies achieve digitalization and seamless integration to Linkedin and other job boards. The team at Manatal is very supportive, helpful, prompt in their replies and we were pleased to see that the support they offer exceeded our expectations.
Maxime Ferreira
International Director - JB Hired
Manatal has been at the core of our agency's expansion. Using it has greatly improved and simplified our recruitment processes. Incredibly easy and intuitive to use, customizable to a tee, and offers top-tier live support. Our recruiters love it. A must-have for all recruitment agencies. Definitely recommend!
Ngoc-Thinh Tran
HR Manager, Talent Sourcing & Acquisition - Suntory PepsiCo Beverage
I am using Manatal for talent sourcing and it is the best platform ever. I am so impressed, the Manatal team did an excellent work. This is so much awesome, I am recommending the solution to all recruiters I know.
Bill Twinning
Talent Resources & Development Director - Charoen Pokphand Group
Manatal is the best ATS we worked with. Simplicity, efficency and the latest technologies combined make it an indispensable tool for any large-scale HR team. Since its adoption, we've seen a huge increase across all our key recruitment metrics. To summarize. it is a must-have.
Ahmed Firdaus
Director - MRINetwork, Executive Search Firm
I've been using Manatal for the past couple of months and the platform is excellent, user-friendly and it has helped me a lot in my recruitment process, operation and database management. I'm very happy with their great support. whenever I asked something they come back to me within minutes.
Dina Demajo
Senior Talent Acquisition - Manpower Group
Manpower has been using Manatal and we couldn't be happier as a team with the services this platform has provided. The application is extremely user-friendly and very well equipped with all the useful functions one would required for successful requirement. The support team is also excellent with very fast response time.
Kevin Martin
Human Resources Manager - Oakwood
Manatal is a sophisticated, easy-to-use, mobile-friendly, and cloud-based applicant tracking system that helps companies achieve digitalization and seamless integration to Linkedin and other job boards. The team at Manatal is very supportive, helpful, prompt in their replies and we were pleased to see that the support they offer exceeded our expectations.
Maxime Ferreira
International Director - JB Hired
Manatal has been at the core of our agency's expansion. Using it has greatly improved and simplified our recruitment processes. Incredibly easy and intuitive to use, customizable to a tee, and offers top-tier live support. Our recruiters love it. A must-have for all recruitment agencies. Definitely recommend!
Ngoc-Thinh Tran
HR Manager, Talent Sourcing & Acquisition - Suntory PepsiCo Beverage
I am using Manatal for talent sourcing and it is the best platform ever. I am so impressed, the Manatal team did an excellent work. This is so much awesome, I am recommending the solution to all recruiters I know.

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